What it is:
Bone grafting is done whenever there is missing bone due to an extraction, disease, or cancer. The goal is to simply fill in the defect and increase the volume in certain areas, particularly if an implant is wanted.
The defect is visualized and bone is placed in that area. There are three types of bone. One is your own bone which is harvested from a different area and placed in the defect. This is called an autograph. The second type of bone is processed and screened cadaveric human bone that comes freeze dried and in a bottle. This type of bone is called an allograph. The third type of graph material used is bovine bone that has also been processed and screened and is called a xenograph.
The bone grafts are hydrated by mixing with sterile saline or PRP. A collagen membrane is placed over the bone and the tissue closed. The membrane prevents the tissue to grown down into the defect before the bone has time to mature. All bone graft type is eventually replaced with your own bone.
Bone grafting allows a patient to have an implant to replace a missing tooth. Once grafting is done it takes 5-6 months to heal and mature.Post Bone Graft